Most of us are not interior trades architects and that’s fine. Whether you think that interior design is a pleasant hobby or a necessary evil for your home to look presentable, it can sometimes be difficult to understand industry jargon. After all, how many times have you heard of Tertiary Colors?
We aim to make our content accessible to everyone – no university degree required. So today, we go back to basics. Get ready for a little Design 101. In this article, we will discuss the basic principles of color theory that all design lovers should know.
Once you have read, be sure to store this link in an easily accessible place. This will come in handy the next time you do not really know if you’ve chosen the right paint color.
Color Theory Basics Everyone Should Know
How to use the color wheel? Like trigonometry, the color wheel is probably one of the things you learned as a toddler and have not thought about since. However, to fully understand the colors, you may need to get rid of some of this knowledge.
In simple terms, the color wheel provides a visual representation of colors that blend well. It removes all guesswork, essentially. Most models are composed of 12 colors.
Do not worry if you have not memorized the color wheel yet. There are a multitude of ways to access them numerically. Paletton is a website that will allow you to create your own color scheme from the comfort of your computer screen. ColorSchemer offers the same features in an application available for iPhone.
What are the basic colors. We bet that some of you have read the last paragraph and said, “12? There are only 7 colors in the rainbow. “True, but believe us, there are actually at least 12 shades on each color wheel.” Here’s how things go:
- Primary colors: red, blue and yellow. Can not be made by mixing other colors.
- Secondary colors: orange, purple and green. Can be made by mixing primary colors.
- Tertiary colors: The six shades that can be obtained by mixing primary and secondary colors.
If you do not know where to start to decorate a colorful interior, one of these 12 is often a good starting point. Choose one and it will help you narrow down your choices until you settle on the exact shade you like.
Change colors with neutrals. Once you’ve selected a base color, it’s easy to create multiple different versions within the same family. All you have to do is combine this color with a neutral to make it lighter or darker. In terms of interior design, we speak of hue, shade and tone.
- Tint: Illuminating a color by adding white.
- Shadow: The action of darkening a color by adding black.
- Tone: slightly darkens a color by adding gray.
Many artists recommend experimenting with color by mixing paints until you know how neutral colors will affect a color. However, if you do not have access to art materials, you can easily see an example of coloring and shading by going to your craft store and selecting some of these color palettes.
Understand the color temperature. You may have heard of colors as having a temperature. A dining room can be decorated in warm colors, while your friend may have chosen a cold color to finish her room.
Yellows, oranges and reds are often described as warm colors. They are usually more dynamic and seem to bring a sense of liveliness and intimacy to a space. In contrast, purple blues and most greens are cool colors. They can be used to calm a room and bring a feeling of relaxation.
When choosing the color temperature for a space, you must also consider the size. Using a warm color in a narrow room could make things a little claustrophobic. However, the use of cool colors in a spacious room can leave clear marks.
Read Also: Home Design Window Style
Diagram of complementary colors. As far as color combinations are concerned, the complement is the simplest. He uses two opposing colors on the color wheel. Typically, one color acts as the dominant hue and the other as an accent. It means combinations like red and green, blue and orange, or yellow and purple.
This combination of colors offers an extremely high contrast, which means it is best used in small doses and when you want to draw attention to a particular design element. You can use it to make your bathroom look radiant or to give more dynamism to your office.
If you choose a free color scheme, you really have to adopt neutral colors. They will provide a place of rest for your eyes and you will avoid being overwhelmed by the room.